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Group 1 - Are Learners Different Today?
Group 1 - Behaviorism
Group 1- Constructivism
Group 1- Inquiry Based Learning
group 1- page 2
Group 2 - Behaviorism
Group 2 - Constructivism
Group 2 - Differences in Theories
Group 2 - Learning Theories
Group 2 - Important Theorists
Group 3 - Page 2 Constructivism
Group 3 - Page 3 Right Brain-Left Brain Thinking
Group 3- behaviorist theory
Group 3-Multiple Intelligences
Group 4 - Page 4
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Group 3- behaviorist theory
Students learning is focused on observable behaviors. Learning is defined as the aquisition of new behavior in a student.
What Behaviorist Theory looks like in a classroom:
- Teacher gives positive reinforcement- rewarding students for good behavior
- Teacher gives negative reinforcement- punishing students for bad behavior.
- Theory cannot explain some learning- such as recognition of new language patterns because that has no reinforcement mechanism.
- It relies only on observable behaviors and describes several universal laws of behavior
- Students should be active.
- People learn when they have a chance to behave.
Other examples of Behaviorist Theory
-Classical Conditioning- natural reflex to a stimulus. Ex) Pavlov's dogs salivate when they see or eat food.
-Operant Conditioning- occurs when a response to a stimulus is reinforced. If reinforcement follows the response to a stimulus, that response becomes more likely to occur in the future.
Assumptions of Behaviorist Theory:
- Principles of learning apply equally to different behaviors and to different species of animals. (Equipotentiality)
- Learning processes can be studied most objectively when the focus of study is on stimuli and responses.
- Learning involves a behavior change.
- Organisms are born as blank slates- they know nothing when they are born.
- Learning is largely the result of environmental events.
Theorists for Behaviorist Theory:
- Ivan Pavlov- His ideas played a large role in the behaviorist theory of psychology, introduced by John Watson around 1913
Law of effect: Responses to a situation that are followed by satisfaction are strengthened; responses that are followed by discomfort are weakened.
John B. Watson-
He was especially interested in stimulus-response reactions to various situations, such as rats going through a maze.
- Edwin R. Guthrie-
Guthrie had the notion of one-trial learning - that an S-R connection is fully formed on one pairing.
Clark L. Hull-
Proposed that a number of intervening variables must be considered in order to predict the likelihood and strength of a response's occurrence
Burrhus Frederic Skinner-
Introduced the theory of operant conditioning
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